The 5-in-1 Vaccine is an important vaccination and will typically be one of the first a baby will have.
The 5-in-1 Vaccination will be given three times; this usually is when the baby is aged 8, 12 and 16 weeks old. Three separate doses are given to develop the immune system against the five diseases.
The idea behind the vaccine is every time a dose is given, the baby’s immune system increases to offer more protection. This allows the body to ‘build-up’ resistant naturally.
Free on the NHS the 5-in-1 vaccine is administered as a single infection (typically into the thigh) to protect babies against:
• Diphtheria – This is a highly contagious and sometimes fatal bacterial infection which affects the nose, throat and skin.
• Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B) – This is a serious illness which can cause several infections including pneumonia, meningitis, septicemia, pericarditis, epiglottis and septic arthritis.
• Polio – This is a serious viral infection that often involves the legs, head, neck and diaphragm.
• Tetanus – This is a serious condition, which is caused by bacteria getting into a wound.
• Whooping Cough (Pertussis) – This is a highly contagious bacterial infection that affects the lungs and airways.
It’s quite ‘common’ for a baby to also receive additional injections at the same time for other diseases. These can include the Men B vaccine, the Rotavirus Vaccine and the Pneumococcal Vaccine.
How safe is the 5-in-1 Vaccine?
There are two different types of the 5-in-1 vaccine used in Britain, either can be given to babies. The brand names the NHS use are ‘Infanrix IPV Hib’ and ‘Pediacel’.
According to the NHS , the 5-in-1 vaccination is regarded as ‘very safe’.
For your own peace of mind, the vaccination is ‘inactivated’, which means it doesn’t contain ‘live strains’ of the infection. Unlike other vaccinations this means the baby won’t get the disease it protects against.
Which Babies should not have the 5-in-1 Vaccination?
In the majority of cases most babies can have the 5-in-1 vaccine without any issue, however sometimes there are some babies, which should not have it.
These can include babies who:
• Have a fever at the time of the vaccination appointment
• Have signs of ‘neurological’ issues, which is getting worse. (This can include epilepsy and fits)
• Are allergic to the vaccine and it’s ingredients
Typically the vaccination should NOT be given to babies who have a severe allergic reaction to a previous dose.
For professional advice and more information on whether your baby should or not have the vaccine, please speak to a healthcare worker such as a Nurse or Doctor.
Side Effects of the 5-in-1 Vaccination
In most cases there’s little side effects to the vaccine, some babies may be slightly ‘irritable’ afterwards, however this should pass in a few days. Equally some babies may also have swelling, redness or a small bump at the site of the injection. This should also pass within a few days.
Sometimes, although rare, a baby may have a severe allergic reaction; this is officially called a ‘anaphylactic reaction’. This will require professional medical assistance. If you suspect an allergic reaction is taking place always call 999 for an ambulance immediately.
Remember this website is for use as a ‘general guide only’ – it’s not liable or responsible for any actions you may take. Always seek professional medical advice and assistance should you have any questions regarding the 5-in-1 Vaccine.